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Eshan Overview

Geographical Location

Eshan Yi Autonomous county(峨山彝族自治县), called for short as Eshan county, is located in the middle part of Yunnan province. It borders Hongta district and Tonghai county in the east, Shiping county in the south, Shuangbai county to the northwest and Yimen county in the north. The total area is 1972 square kilometers. There are more than 60 high mountains in its’ territory, the terrain leaps from northeast to southwest.  The average altitude is 1691m, the highest elevation is 2583.7 meters, and the lowest is 820m. the county seat is 24 km away from Yuxi city and 116km away from the capital city of Yunnan province, Kunming.


Brief Introduction

Eshan Yi Autonomous county is under the jurisdiction of Yuxi prefecture. It was established in May. 15,1951. It was the first Yi Autonomous county of People’ Republic of China, also the first autonomous county of Yunnan province. Recently, as the support of government, Eshan county has made great progress in all aspects, especially economy and minority business. Today, Eshan county has a population of 164 thousand.


Administrative Division

Shuangjiang Subdistrict(双江街道), Xiaojie Subdistrict(小街街道), Huanian town(化念镇), Dianzhong town(甸中镇), Chahe township(岔河乡), Fuliangpeng township(富良棚乡), Dalongtan township(大龙潭乡).


Ethnic groups

The Eshan County Almanac (2001:110, 132) lists the following ethnic groups and their respective locations.

Yi: 71,255 people as of 1993

Nasu 纳苏: (West, Northwest) Fuliangpeng 富良棚、Dalongtan 大龙潭、Dianzhong 甸中、Tadian 塔甸、Chahe 岔河; parts of Yani 亚尼

Niesu 聂苏: (East, Southeast, South 南) Jinping 锦屏、Xiaojie 小街、Baoquan 宝泉、Huanian 化念、Gaoping 高平

Flowery Waist Niesu 聂苏花腰人: Pengzu 棚租、Yulaiqiu 雨来救

Lesu 勒苏: Daxi 大西、Ana 婀娜、Shiban 石板

Bai: 130 people as of 1993

Huanian 化念 (48.5% of population)、Shuangjiang 双江、Xiaojie 小街

Hani: 8,619 people as of 1993


Eshan County in Yunnan Province

Eshan Yi Autonomous County
Location of Eshan County (pink) and Yuxi Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan province of China
Location of Eshan County (pink) and Yuxi Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan province of China
CountryChina
ProvinceYunnan
PrefectureYuxi
Area
 • Total1,114 km2 (430 sq mi)
Population
 • Total145,783
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Postal code653200
Area code(s)0877
Websitehttp://www.yxes.gov.cn/


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