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Lancang Overview

Geographical Location

Lancang Lahu Autonomous County (澜沧拉祜族自治县) is located in southwestern Yunnan below the Tropic of Cancer, spanning latitude 22°01'−23°16' N and longitude 99°29'−100°35' E and an area of 8,807 km2 (3,400 sq mi), making it the second-largest county in the province in terms of area. It has an international border with Burma's Shan State totaling 80.563 km (50.060 mi) in length. It is heavily mountainous and situated among the Hengduan Mountains, with the elevation ranging from 2,516 m (8,255 ft) at Mount Malihei (麻栗黑山) in Xincheng Township (新城乡) to 578 m (1,896 ft) in Yakou Township (雅口乡).


Introduction

Lancang Lahu Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 澜沧拉祜族自治县; traditional Chinese: 瀾滄拉祜族自治縣; pinyin: Láncāng lāhùzú Zìzhìxiàn) is an autonomous county under the jurisdiction of Pu'er City, in southwestern Yunnan province, China. Lancang is the same as Lan Xang, and refers to the Mekong River (known in Chinese as the Lancang) on its eastern borders and adopted by modern Laos, a Tai word meaning Million Elephants. A large portion of the population are of Lahu ethnicity, and Lahu language is one of the official languages in the county. The Aciga 阿茨戛 people of Lancang County number about 50 individuals, and are located in Yakou Township 雅口乡 and Nanxian Township 南现乡 (You 2013:134). Their original language had become extinct, and the Aciga now speak Chinese and Yi. The Aciga are currently classified by the Chinese government as ethnic Yi.


Administrative Division

Lancang Lahu Autonomous County consists of 3 towns and 17 townships:Menglang Town(勐朗镇), Shangyun Town(上允镇), Nuozhadu Town(糯扎渡镇), Qianliu Yi Township(谦六彝族乡), Donghe Township(东河乡), Dashan Township(大山乡), Nanling Township(南岭乡), Jiujing HaniTownship(酒井哈尼族乡), Huimin Hani Township(惠民哈尼族乡), Donghui Township(东回乡), Laba Township(拉巴乡), Zhutang Township(竹塘乡), Fubang Township(富邦乡), Ankang Wa Township(安康佤族乡), Wendong Wa Township(文东佤族乡), Fudong Township(富东乡), Xuelin Wa Township(雪林佤族乡), Muga Township(木戛乡), Fazhanhe Hani Township(发展河哈尼族乡), and Nuofu Township(糯福乡).


Ethnic Groups

A large portion of the population are of Lahu ethnicity, and Lahu language is one of the official languages in the county. The Aciga 阿茨戛 people of Lancang County number about 50 individuals, and are located in Yakou Township 雅口乡 and Nanxian Township 南现乡 (You 2013:134). Their original language had become extinct, and the Aciga now speak Chinese and Yi. The Aciga are currently classified by the Chinese government as ethnic Yi.


Lancang Lahu Autonomous County in Pu’er Prefecture


Lancang County
澜沧县
Autonomous county
澜沧拉祜族自治县Lancang Lahu Autonomous County
Location of Lancang County (pink) in Pu'er City (yellow) and Yunnan
Location of Lancang County (pink) in Pu'er City (yellow) and Yunnan
Lancang is located in YunnanLancangLancangLocation of the seat in Yunnan
Coordinates: 22°32′N 99°56′E
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
Prefecture-level cityPu'er
GB/T 2260 CODE530828
Area
 • Total8,807 km2(3,400 sq mi)
Elevation1,054 m (3,458 ft)
Highest elevation2,516 m (8,255 ft)
Lowest elevation578 m (1,896 ft)
Population (2004)
 • Total460,976
 • Density52/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneChina Standard Time(UTC+8)
Postal code665600
Area code(s)0879
Websitelczw.gov.cn


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