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Yongsheng History

永胜县永胜之名,来源于元代设置的北胜州(府)及其属州永宁州。北胜的来历,据《滇考》载,元兵自北南来,"首捷此土,故名"北胜";永宁亦因忽必烈驻跸而得名,寓有永远安宁之意。明清时期合北胜、永宁而设永北府、永北直隶厅,民国设永北县,又改名永胜县。新石器的发现,说明四千年前永胜这块土地上已经有人类生息繁衍。唐宋时期又有不少白、彝、傈僳等族的先民迁此定居,而大量汉族迁入则在明洪武二十九年(1396年),澜沧卫军民指挥使司在此推行"寓兵于农"政策时,湖广等地官兵及其家属万余人屯田定居此地。因而永胜至今尚有众多以官、伍、营、所、军称谓的村名,当是屯垦移民的语言证据。永胜县城始建于此时,传统的棋盘式格局至今犹存。明正德五年(1510年),北胜州人口为15994人;明万历二十九年(1601年),北胜州人口已达33893人。清代建立"绿营"兵制,设置以防卫治安为主要任务的"汛塘",也有不少内地人落籍永胜。解放以后,永胜各民族人口增长很快,到2001年全县人口为38.04万人,其中傈僳族、彝族、纳西族、白族、傣族、回族等少数民族11.59万人。

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