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鹤庆火腿

鹤庆火腿是云南名特食品,因其腿部弯曲,外形圆整,故又名圆腿或盘腿。鹤庆白族腌制盘腿历史悠久,早在明代就把鹤庆火腿作为纳贡和远销外地的著名特产。清康熙《鹤庆府志》记载:明代嘉靖年间名宦查伟“丰酒肥腿食客”,肥腿就是盘腿。

  

鹤庆火腿,采用当地白族群众厩养的油葫芦猪为原料,且最肥不超过50公斤,猪宰杀后,把皮薄肉嫩的猪后腿刮洗干净,并把它旋成圆形,将猪脚弯曲盘插于边皮之中,搁放在通风处或阴凉处风干,再用竹签在肉上扎若干下,然后喷上酒,撒上食盐,并用手在肉上反复揉搓,使其入味。待肉皮回软便成批堆放,用重物加压把血水排出后再放入缸内。加工制作多的人家还可以放入自家专用来加工腌制火腿的窖内。腌上一个月后再取出,挂在阴凉通风的地方凉干,这样火腿就加工制成了。

  

鹤庆火腿肉质丰满,四边膘肥、色泽鲜艳、肥瘦适中、味美香浓、营养丰富、食而不腻,保存期长,是佐餐、宴客、滋补身体,馈赠亲友的佳品。多次获得大理“金花奖”和云南省优质食品称呼。1980年全国火腿评选中被评为国家金奖1994年获得乌兰巴托国家博览会金奖。


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