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Funing Overview

Geographical Position:

Funing County (富宁县; pinyin: Fùníng Xiàn) is located in Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnanprovince, China.Funing County locates on the southeast of Yunnan Province,bordering on Miaowang and Tongwen County of Vietnam,adjacent to Youjiang,Xilin,Tianlin,Napo and Jingxing county in Guangxi,connecting to Guangnan County and Malipo Counry in the West.109.89M from the east to the west within the county,108.78m from the north to the south.The tatal land area is 5352km.234km from Kunming to the county,565km from Kunming,70km from bordering between China and Vietnam.


Introduction

Funing County is located in Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan province, China..Funing County locates on the east of Dian Karst Landform,the geogly belongs to Chuan,Dian and Qian.Yunling mountain controls all of Funing County.Mountain of Muhong,Baizi,Zhujia and Popiao cross from the north to the south.360 mountains is a natural barrier.Mountainous area account for 96% of total land area,paralleled with plateaus, mountains, hills, basins.Among them,plateaus distribute in the southwest,mountains distribute in the mid and north area,hills distribute in the northeast,basins distribute in Xinhua,Puyang,Mugang.Muhongshan Mountain is the highest point in the west.The main science spot are:Qinghua Cave Science spots(清华洞旅游区),Puyang Waterfall(普阳瀑布),Tuoyang River science spots(驮娘江景区).

 


Administrative Division

Funing county administers 6 towns and 7townships by the end of 2013.Xinhua Town(新华镇) Guichan Town(归朝镇)、Boyi Town(剥隘镇)、Lida Town(里达镇)、Tianpeng Town(田蓬)镇、Muyang Town(木央镇)、Bancang village(板仑乡)、Gula village(谷拉乡)、Zhesang village(者桑乡)、Naneng village(那能乡)、Dongbo Yao village(洞波瑶族乡)、Ayong village(阿用乡)、Huajia village(花甲乡).




Ethnic groups

Ethnic groups of Funing County include the following. Population statistics are from 1990, and are sourced from theFuning County Ethnic Gazetteer 富宁县民族志 (1998).

·         Han Chinese (84,337 people)

·         Zhuang people (199,784 people, including the Buyang)

·         Min Zhuang[1]

·         Dai Zhuang ("Dai Tho")[1]

·         Yei Zhuang[1]

·         Buyang people

·         Gelao people (121 people)

·         Yi people (11,249 people)

·         Miao people (24,414 people)[2]

·         White Miao 白苗 (autonym: m̥oŋ43 de43)

·         Lopsided Miao 偏苗 (autonym: m̥oŋ43 ʂua44 蒙刷)

·         Red Miao 红苗

·         Yao people (36,591 people)[2]

·         Landian [Blue Indigo] Yao 蓝靛瑶 (Kim Mun; autonym: ki:m11 mun:11)

·         Daban [Large Board] Yao 大板瑶 (Iu Mien; autonym: jiu42 mien42)

·         Shan [Mountain] Yao 山瑶 ("Buya 布亚"; autonym: pu55 ʐa11)

The Zheyuan 蔗园 people of Dongbo 洞波, Funing County, and are classified as ethnic Han (You 2013:290, 361-363).[3] They number 1,033 people and call themselves the "Yuexie people" (粤西人), while some also refer to themselves as the Buhong 布红. The Zheyuan people migrated from Xuanhua County 宣化县, Guangxi (currently the southern banks of the Yong River 邕江, in Nanning City, Guangxi) about 150 years ago. The Zheyuan people speak a Yue Chinese dialect.[3]

Zhuang

The Funing County Ethnic Gazetteer (Lu and Nong 1998) identifies the following Zhuang subgroups.[2]

·         Butu (布土)

·         Tianbao (天保)

·         Bu’ao (布傲)

·         Jiazhou (甲州)

·         Longjiang (龙降)

·         Mayang (麻央)

·         Yangwu (洋乌)

·         Buli (布俚)

·         Buyei (布越)

·         Long’an (隆安)

·         Buyang (布央)

Yi

According to the Funing County Ethnic Gazetteer 富宁县民族志 (1998), ethnic Yi numbered 11,249 as of 1991, or 3.15% of the total county population. The Zhuang exonym for the Yi is Bùměng 布孟 (also Měngrén 孟人).




Yi subgroups of Funing County[2]

Yi group (Chinese name)

Local names (autonyms, exonyms)

No. of villages

White Yi 白彝

Měngpiāo 孟瓢, Měngdǎi 蒙歹

59

Gāokùjiǎo White Yi
  高裤脚白彝 (高白彝)

Měngkōng 蒙空, Měngpéng 蒙彭

13

Black Yi 黑彝

Měngnà 孟那, Měngjí 蒙吉,   Měngxìn 蒙信

3

Flowery Yi 花彝

Měngyī 孟衣, Kèduǒ 克朵,   Měngyóu 蒙尤

14

White Flowery Yi 白花彝

Měngbào 孟刨

1

Sinicized Yi 汉彝

Měnglàng 孟浪

2

Měngméi Lolo 孟梅倮

Měngtáng 孟堂, Kèliè 克列

 ?




There are 92 villages with ethnic Yi (in 38 administrative villages), consisting of 54 pure Yi villages and 38 ethnically mixed villages.




Yi subgroups by township[2]

Township

Ethnic Yi
  population

Percentage
  within township

Ethnic Yi subgroups

Xīnhuá 新华乡

249

0.75%

Měngdǎi 蒙歹 (White Yi)

Bǎnlún 板仑乡

2,786

11.61%

Měngkōng 蒙空 (High-Trouser Yi)

Lǐdá 里达镇

1,293

6.02%

Měngdǎi 蒙歹 (White Yi), Měngkōng 蒙空   (High-Trouser Yi)

Mùlún 睦伦乡

1,774

10.11%

Měngdǎi 蒙歹 (White Yi)

Mùyāng 木央乡

3,454

12.47%

Měngdǎi 蒙歹 (White Yi), Kèliè 克列   (Mengmei Yi), Kèduǒ 克朵 (Flowery Yi),
  Měnglàng 孟浪 (Sinicized Yi), Měngjí 蒙吉 (Black Yi)




Ethnic Yi are found in the following villages of Funing County. Xinhua Township 新华乡

·         Gedang Village 格当村

·         Banlun Township 板仑乡

·         Longyang Village 龙洋村

·         Longmai Village龙迈村

·         Mula 木腊

·         Zhegui 者归

·         Longzhong 龙中

·         Longxing 龙兴

·         Long'an 龙安

·         Lida Township 里达镇

·         Ligong Village 里拱村

·         Mulun Township 睦伦乡

·         Muyang Township 木央乡

·         Mengmei, Puyang Village 普阳村孟梅

·         Mushu Village 木树村]

·         Musang, Daping Village 大坪村木桑

·         Mugang Village 木杠村

·         Tianpeng Township 田蓬镇

 






     Funing   County

Location of Funing County (pink) and Wenshan Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan province of China
  Location of Funing County (pink) and   Wenshan Prefecture (yellow) within Yunnan province of China

Country

China

Province

Yunnan

Prefecture

Wenshan

Area

 • Total

5,459 km2 (2,108 sq mi)

Population

 • Total

390,000

 • Density

71/km2 (190/sq mi)

Postal code

663400

Area code(s)

0876

Website

http://www.ynfn.gov.cn/


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